Vacuum Systems Vs Dust Collectors: Understanding the Basics

Apr 27, 2021 | Home Maintenance

In our industry, this topic arises a lot!

  • Can I use my dust collector to vacuum up debris on the floor?
  • Can I use my vacuum system to collect airborne particulates from a process?
  • Can I get one system to do both?

These are all fantastic questions, but generally the answer is no…

It is important to know that there are several key differences between the two and understanding these ensures that you can apply the correct technology to your specific application.

So what are these key differences?

Well the most important difference is that vacuums systems operate on the principle of Low Volume, High Pressure (LVHP), whereas dust collectors operate with High Volume, Low Pressure (HVLP).

This high pressure allows vacuums to pick up heavier particles – those that settle on various surfaces – and convey them to the collection receptacle.

A dust collector on the other hand, with its low pressure, is designed to capture airborne particles using large airflows, but will not pick up the heavier particles.

Housekeeping debris is vacuumed from floors, walls, around equipment, and from bulk piles under conveyors and transfer points. Generally, a vacuum system picks up dust via an operator tool such as a dusting brush. It then transports it through a small diameter hose to the air/material receiver separator.

Dust collectors are far better suited to collecting dust clouds created by fine particles, such as when pouring flour. The operator is looking to collect the cloud that is created without collecting the actual product – as in this video.

To put this simply… If it falls to the ground, you need a vacuum. If it floats in the air, you need a dust collector.

The best way to ensure you’re getting the most suitable equipment for your application is to speak to an expert! Call our team today to discuss your needs and let them help you find a solution!

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